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本科
观古籍文物之藏,品传统文明之美——记中文1801班观赏国度文籍博物馆勾当
作者:   发布时候: 2019-11-23  阅读次数: 次

2018nian11yue14rishangwu,taiwanbinguo28pingtai zhongwen1801banzailuoshiqinjiaoyuan、weiweijiaoyuandelvlingxiaguanshangleguoduwenjibowuguan。tongchuangmentangyangyuguoduwenjibowuguanbujiqishudedianzangzhong,jixuntaoleqingcao,youfengshuolezhuanyechangshi,shouhuopofeng。

国度文籍博物馆

yidazao,tongchuangmenhuaizhechongdongeryouxiangwangdebiaoqingzuoshanglekaiwangguoduwenjibowuguandedaba,yiqishangbutingdihuishangzhexingjiangqitoudebowuguanzhilv。dangzhanzaiguoduwenjibowuguanmianqian,tongchuangmenlijibeixiongweidexiujianxishou,qinmuzhiqingyoudanshisheng。

中文1801班在国度文籍博物馆前合影

jinruwenjibowuguan,zanmenqishoufenkailegujixiufubu。

国度藏书楼古籍修复部

jinrugujixiufubu,yingrutongchuangmenshixiande,bianshiyimingzhengzaidangzhenxiufujiujidexiufushi。renwuzhiyuanxiangzanmenxianrongdao,gujixiufudezhiyuanlaizihanqingxue、wenxianxue、meishushi、wenwuxiuxiuxue、huaxuedengchabiezhuanye,yibenshuputongyouyixiaowohuoyigexiaozushixianxiufu。chuyuduigujiwenxianyanhudezhenzhuo,xiufushimenzhizuocaizhishangdexiufu,buzuoneirongshangdebuchong,fuyuangujizuishizaidemiankong。

正在修复旧籍的台湾修复师 正在修复民国期间西文文献的修复师

gangfenkaidiergexiufushimianqian,tongchuangmenbianbeitashouzhongzhengzaixiufudegujixishouzhule——zheibengushujinglaizijujinjinqianniandexixiaqijian!tongchuangmenzaizantangujihanqingyouzhangdetongshi,yefenyunzantanxiufushimenchonggaogaoguideshenshou。

修复师正在细心修复西夏文献

weilegenghaodiyanhuwenxian,xiufushineidefenglijuxi、wendujishidudeaotuquandouzaodaoyankujiezhi。guodaoshuangfangduifangzheyonglaicaoliangenjigongdeyangshuheyashuyongdeshiban。zouguochengduideshiban,yigejingcaidezhongyaojuyinfaletongchuangmendezhuzhong: xiufujiujidechusuo,ruhehuiyouzhongyaojuni?dianmorenwuzhiyuandexianrong,tongchuangmenzheicaihuorankailang,benlaizheigejianzaojingcaidejuziwaimianjicundeshiranliao,henduoranliaodoushiyoumingguidekuangwu、zhongyaonaizhichayejianzaoercheng。

颜料柜 修复西文文献的机械

zailinghuilexiufushimenxiufujiujidejutijinchengjinhou,tongchuangmenfenkaileyipaixiufujixiemianqian。jurenwuzhiyuanxianrong,baishezaizheilidexiufujixieyouzhuangzhenji、qiezhiji、fengrenji、jiguangdiaoloujideng,tamendoushibangzhuxiufushimenxiufujiujide“deliganjiang”,buzhikeyihuoxuanzhaoxiutinggongjudecaizhiyuyaoqiugongjichabiedexiufushouwan,gengkeyihuoxujinbuxiufushimenderenwuxiaoli,jiasuxiufusulv。cizhongzhideyitideshi,gaoqingpaizhaowenxianxiufutaishiwoguoduyoude、xiangyouzhuanliquandegujiwenxianxiufujixie。yikuaidahongboli,shangmianshijipaisaomiaojingtou——zheitaijixiesuiwaixingdute,danzaipengdaojiaodachifudewenxianxiufurenwushidaoshijuebumihu,laoshikeyihuoxuzaibaozhangxiufupinzhidetongshiweixiufushimengongjijidadefangbian。

任务职员向同窗们先容高清拍照文献修复台

fenkailegujixiufubu,zanmenfenkaile“《yongledadian》wenxianzhan”。《yongledadian》quanshugong11095ce,22937juan,3yi7qianyuwanzi,yongshiliunianbianzuanercheng。renwuzhiyuanjiangdao,suowei“luanshixiushu”,hongwuershiyinian,jiejinshangshutaizu,yaoqiuxiushu。danshi,jiuzaitaizuzhongjiuxiazhaoxiushudehongwusanshiyinian,huangshangkelianjiabeng,xiushuzhishizhongjiuyezhinengbumingxizhi。zhidaoyanwangzhudiduodehuangwei,weilebubianminqi,zaiyongleyuannianqitouxiushu。

quanbubianxiezhiyuantuanduiyoujianxiu、zongcai、zuanxiu、cuizuandengpeihezucheng,gerenwuzhiyuanzhijianhezuomingbai,quanbugouzaofuzaquebufanfu。cizhongzhangguancuanxiurenwudezongzuanxiuweijiejin,jianxiuweiyouzhe“heiyizaixiang”zhichengdeyaoguangxiao,“liangchaoshoufu”xujie、“jiushiliangxiang”gaogonghe“dingxinjia”zhangjuzhengdoucengdaochangdadiandebianzuanrenwu。

《永乐大典》展览橱窗

dadianyiziweiguanjianxiansuojiansuo,shoululebaohan《hongwuzhengyun》jigeleirujiadianfanzaineidegeleicebenqibaqianbu。dadianjianzaojingqiao,tengxiexiumei,shiweiwoguogudaiwenjizhongdejiagou。cizhongjubuneironggengshiyu《make·boluojixing》biciyinzheng,chenglemake·boluodaoguozhongguodewulizhengju。

《永乐大典》正本残卷

jieshangqu,renwuzhiyuanxiangtongchuangmenxianrongle《yongledadian》zhengzhengbenjiqixiangganzheluohuanjing。zhengbenzhengbenjunshengbufengchen: zhengbenzaizhanzhuannanjingwenyuangedonggedexiage、beijingzuoshunmenbeilang、wenlou、gujintongjikujinhoushichuan,xianyouhuiyumingmo、huiyujiaqingqianqinggongdahuohexunzangmingshizongdengshuofa;zhengbenyujiajingsishiyinianzangyuhuangshicheng,qingyongzhengjianzangyuhanlinyuan。yinweichuanboshihoujiaozhangyousuoliushi,jiashangqingdaiguanyuandetouqiehefenghuofenhui、benguoqinfanzhededajie,dadiandezhengbencikerengsanluotianxiagedi。jujinchaosuozhi,《yongledadian》zhengbencanjuanxianfenliyu8geguoduhediyude30duogegongsizangjiashouzhong。cizhongzhongguoguoduzangshulougongzangyou224ce,62cexianzancunyutaibei“gugongbowuyuan”,ribenzangyou60ce,meiguozangyou52ce,yingguozangyou51ce,deguozangyou5ce,yuenanzangyou4ce,aierlan3ce,haiyousancejutibaozangguodubuxiang。tongchuangmentinghoufenyunganshangbuyi。zhideyitideshi,ziqingmominchuzhijin,zailuxun、yuantongli、zhengzhenduo、mouquansun、zhaowanli、zhangyuanji、fuzengxiangdengxuezhedejinlixia,duoce《yongledadian》deyihuigui。zaizhanlandezuichu,tongchuangmenfenkailezhantingzhongxinpangguandadianzhengbendebenlai。xiufushi“zhengjiurujiu”deshoufazetongchuangmenyuweidaguan。

《永乐大典》正本残卷

fenkaile《yongledadian》wenxianzhan,tongchuangmengencongrenwuzhiyuanfenkaile《jiaguwenyingxiang》zhan。jinruzhanting,qishouyingrutongchuangmenshixiandeshijiaguwenfayuandegushi。zaiyuanshishehui,renmendechuchanlichengdudixia,chuchangoudangshoutianranshenfenxianding。shiyi,yunongyechuchanxianggandeqihou、shoulieshouhuodeng,tianranyejiuchenglejiagushangzhanbudeshouyaoneirong。jieshangqu,renwuzhiyuanjutidiweitongchuangmenxianronglezaizhantingzhongxinde“long、feng、gu、she、yin”dengjiagubimo。tongchuangmenxingquangrandiyucezhantingzhongxindejiaguwenshishishishenmejiyi、shiruohebeidizaochulaide,bingbuduankouwendanrenxianrongderenwuzhiyuan。

“甲骨文影象”展厅中心

jieshangqu,tongchuangmenqitoulejiaguwenbeifamingjinchengdetanfangzhilv。tongchuangmenjutidilinghuilejiaguwenshiruohebeifamingde。kaichu,jiaguwendezaiti——“longgu”zuoweiyizhongyaocai,zaibeiwajuehouchangchangbeinianchengfenmoliyong。er“jiaguwenzhifu”wangyirongzaiyicifuyaoshiouerfaming“longgu”zhishangyouzhemimicengcengdexiaozi。talijilingmindishuxidao: zheishiyizhongcongweifamingguodegudaibimo。suihou,jiaguwenzaihenananyangbeidapiwajue,jujinshuqianniandeshanggubimozhongjiuzhongjiantianri。

任务职员为同窗们具体先容甲骨文

jieshangqu,renwuzhiyuanyouweitongchuangmenxianrongletianxiashangdiyibenyujiaguwenyouguandezhushu——liuede《tieyunzanggui》。xushenzai《shuowenjiezi》zhongzongjiedeliuzhongzaozifa——xiangxing、huixin、jiajie、zhishi、zhuanzhu、xingshengzaijiaguwenzhongdouyoubiaoxian。

zaijiaguwenzhantingdexiabanjubu,renwuzhiyuanjutixianronglejiaguwendidiandefushangshiqideyixiewenmingbeijing,binglianxigudaihanzi,congjidian、chuxing、nonggengnongmu、leqi、xingshidengfangmianweitongchuangmenzuolejutideduizhaoxianrong。juxianggantongji,zaiyifamingde4000duogejiaguwendanzizhong,yue1500geyibeixueshujieshidu,haiyouyue500ziyiyouxuezhezuoguokaoshi,buguochengguoweihuodegongming。

甲骨文知几多

jingyouguochengbencigoudang,tongchuangmenbuzhikaipileshixian,bingqiehaifengshuolezhuanyechangshi,xuntaoleqingcao,shenghualexinli。zaizheiciguanshanggoudangjinhou,xinrentongchuangmenkeyihuoxuduizhonghanwenmingyoujiabeishenrudeshuxi。

zaigoudangjunshijinhou,tongchuangmenyiyouweijin,fenyunbanfalebenshendeganchu:

piejianneixielijingbaiqianniandezhizhangchushoukeji,zheibunengbushuoshiyigepangdadezhendong。huangruyongjiudeguangyinjiuzaimianqianliutang。ganjineixielengjingxiufujiujidegongchengshi,pinjichuyiduanduandehanqing。

——qiyutongchuang

pozhigaoyadetaigetijianbimoshengxiang,zaifangcunjianwokandaoqiannianguangyin。juedaihongbian,wenxiandacheng,gujuanfanhuang。mengrudaming,wozai《yongledadian》xunnideyangzi。

zaiguoboxiuwenxianshiyizhongruhedexiuhuini?yuemoshichixubangbendejinyanjingye,hezaisuoxiaojingbianshangguayizhixinaiqiaozhideqinghuai。

——chenyanqingtongchuang

guanshanggushuxiufu,ganwudaoledaguogongjiangdebuduangaijin。linghui《yongledadian》,tihuidaoleluanshiwangchaodefanhuaxingsheng。shangshijiaguwen,tihuibimodeaomiao,tanfangmeipianguijiamianqiandegushi。《cong<shijing>dao<hongloumeng>》,gengshiyiduanduiwenxueyishudexunqiuyuxunzhao。heqiyouxing,lvyouguoduwenjibowuguan。

——wangdeyuantongchuang

文/王秉坤

图/程田雨、冯玺铼

考核/魏玮


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